What Is Melamine? Laminate, Melamine, Formica, What is it?

Melamine sheets are produced by compressing layers of paper soaked in melamine resin, which are then fused together through thermal fusion to create a sturdy plastic surface. 


Once manufactured, these melamine sheets can be affixed to particleboard, plywood, or medium-density fiberboard (MDF), resulting in what is known as a melamine board. These boards come in a wide range of colors, patterns, sizes, and thicknesses to suit various preferences and applications.

Melamine lummia kitchen cabinets 2

Laminate board, Melamine board, Formica. What is it?

Laminate boards, including Melamine board and Formica, are produced by subjecting sheets to varying levels of pressure-per-square-inch during their manufacturing process. The pressure applied determines the classification of the laminate. Melamine is considered a low-pressure laminate (LPL) since it undergoes compression at a pressure of 300-500 pounds-per-square-inch. On the other hand, high-pressure laminate (HPL), known as Formica, is created using pressure exceeding 1400 pounds-per-square-inch.

melamine board colors

Uses of Melamine:

  • Laminates are commonly employed for countertops and flooring.
  • Melamine boards find application in crafting cabinets, furniture, and for decorative purposes.
  • Due to its exceptional properties and organic nature, melamine is utilized in the production of dinnerware and kitchenware, such as plates and bowls.
  • Melamine is a key component in various food products, including desserts, liquid milk, cereal items, yogurts, milk-based products, powdered infant formula, biscuits, frozen food, and protein powders. The FDA advocates for optimal levels of Melamine in food for consumption, as it can enhance the protein content in the food. However, it should be noted that excessive consumption of Melamine, especially when co-ingested with Cyanuric acid, has been linked to urinary stones in infants.
melamine floor
melamine dinnerware

What is melamine resin?
Melamine is derived from the coal industry and serves as a chemical compound that, when combined with certain agents it forms melamine resin. This resin is a robust thermosetting plastic known for its durability. Notably, the chemical compound of the resin is abundant in nitrogen and boasts high organic content.


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