The word granite comes from the Latin word granum which means grain in reference to the coarse-grained structure of the a crystalline rock.
Granite is a natural crystalline ingenious rock composed mainly of feldspars and quartz with minor amounts of mica and amphibole minerals. Granite began as a hot, 1400 degrees Fahrenheit, mass of magma or molten rock. The magma rose upward and came to rest and solidified into granite. The granite has been pushed upward and as a result the granite deposits lie just beneath the earth’s surface where it can be easily quarried. Granite is widely distributed throughout the continental crust of the Earth and it is the most common igneous rock found at Earth’s surface.
It is mostly mined in India, Brazil, China and some European countries. First, blocks of granite are removed from the rock. Next, the blocks are cut with a gang saw or diamond wires to get a uniform slabs. Diamonds are used to cut granite because it is the only material strong enough to cut the tough granite.
Granite has a capability to bear extreme temperatures. All kinds of hot pots can be kept on a granite surface and it remains completely unaffected. Granite is extremely durable, very heavy and it is the hardest rock on the planet. It is harder than steel.
Granite has a lot of different properties that include distinct color patterns, durability, heat and scratch resistance. As a natural material it is found in a variety of colors and each granite stone is different from the next.
Granite is extensively used in many construction projects, all types of housing, commercial and public buildings. It is used to make cuntertops, tiles, statues, cemetery monuments and other products. Granite is a very popular choice for kitchen countertops because it is cost-effective, durable, aesthetic and easily available.